The City Wall of Nanjing -
The Ming Emperors' Protective Wall
From 7 April until 5 November 2017
Open daily from 10:00 to 18:00
At Magdalene’s Castle
In the centre of this special exhibition is the city wall of Nanjing in China, a spectacular construction that has its defence function and monumental size in common with Königstein Fortress.
Through exhibits and numerous multimedia stations, the exhibition will bring the past and present of this gigantic protective wall from China to Saxon Switzerland and thereby show parallels between fortress constructions in Saxony and the Far East.
The Longest City Wall in the World
The former imperial city of Nanjing possesses the longest city wall in the world: Of its formerly more than 33 km, 25 km could be retained. Similar to Königstein Fortress, these fortification works constructed between 1366 and 1393 follow natural topography, but they also take the principles of Feng Shui into account.
Natural stone is the foundation of this construction, which originally had 13 city gates in-between. In some sections, natural stone was also used for the wall construction. However the wall mainly consists of more than 100 million bricks that were specially fired for this city wall – just like the walkable wall coping, which is entirely paved.
A curiosity: On each individual brick there are imprinted inscriptions, which make it possible to trace it back to the actual producer. This way, it was also possible to monitor the compliance with quotas – an early example of measures to ensure quality and keep statistics.
A Partnership of Saxon and Chinese Museums
In 2016, the City Wall Museum of Nanjing and Königstein Fortress agreed to introduce their fortifications during special exhibitions in each other’s country over the next two years.
After the presentation of the Far Eastern art of fortress construction at Königstein hill, an exhibition about the hilltop fortress in Saxon Switzerland will probably take place at the newly constructed building of Nanjing’s City Wall Museum in 2018.